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Alexander Neibaur[1, 2]

Male 1808 - 1883  (75 years)


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  • Name Alexander Neibaur  [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
    Born 8 Jan 1808  Ehrenbreitstein, Rheinbund Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    AFN 1ZN1-BX 
    Emigration 7 Feb 1841  Liverpool, Lancashire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    4th Company of Elder Hiram Clark on the Sheffield 
    Immigration 30 Mar 1841  New Orleans, Orleans Co, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    4th Company of Elder Hiram Clark on the Sheffield 
    Ordinance 18 Jan 1843 
    Ordianed to the Priesthood by by Willard Richards & John Taylor 
    Ordinance 18 Jan 1844-1845  Nauvoo, Hancock Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Ordained a Seventy by Elders W. Russell & John Taylor 
    Migration 5 Jun 1848  Winter Quarters (now Omaha), Nebraska Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Brigham Young Company - Departure 
    Migration 20-24 Sep 1848  Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Brigham Young Company - Arrival 
    Census 1850  Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    1850 U.S. Census 
    Census 5 Jun 1860  Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    1860 U.S. Census 
    Census 1 Jun 1880  Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    1880 U.S. Census 
    Died 15 Dec 1883  Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 18 Dec 1883  Salt Lake City Cemetery, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [16
    Person ID I566  default
    Last Modified 28 Feb 2010 

    Father Joseph Nathan Neubauer,   b. Abt 1780, Ehrenbreisen, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1859, Warmbrunn, Silesia, Prussia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 80 years) 
    Mother Rebecca Samuel,   b. Abt 1784, Ehrenbreisen, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Feb 1850, Unruhstadt, Posen, Prussia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Married Abt 1807  Ehrenbreisen, Hesse-Nassau, Prussia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F313  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Ellen Breakell,   b. 28 Feb 1811, Preston, Lancashire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1870, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 16 Sep 1834  St. Laurence's Church, Chorley, Lancashire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [17, 18
    Children 
    +1. Joseph William Neibaur,   b. 6 Jan 1835, Preston, Lancashire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Mar 1927, Paris, Bear Lake Co, Idaho, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 92 years)
    +2. Margaret Jane Neibaur,   b. 20 Feb 1836, Preston, Lancashire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jan 1928, Evans, Box Elder Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years)
     3. Samuel Breakell Neibaur,   b. 7 Jan 1838, Preston, Lancashire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jan 1839, Preston, Lancashire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    +4. Isaac Neibaur,   b. 30 Mar 1839, Preston, Lancashire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jul 1879-1880  (Age 41 years)
    +5. Alice Breakell Neibaur,   b. 22 May 1841, Nauvoo, Hancock Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Mar 1914, Brigham City, Box Elder Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
    +6. Bertha Breakell Neibaur,   b. 14 Dec 1842, Nauvoo, Hancock Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 May 1912, Marion, Summit Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    +7. Hyrum Smith Neibaur,   b. 30 Nov 1844, Nauvoo, Hancock Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1935, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years)
    +8. Leah Breakell Neibaur,   b. 29 Aug 1846, Nauvoo, Hancock Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 1913  (Age 66 years)
     9. Rachel Neibaur,   b. 12 Dec 1847, Winter Quarters (now Omaha), Nebraska Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Dec 1847, Winter Quarters (now Omaha), Nebraska Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    +10. Sarah Ellen Neibaur,   b. 21 May 1849, Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jun 1945, Kamas, Summit Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 96 years)
    +11. Rebecca Ann Neibaur,   b. 30 Mar 1851, Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jul 1928, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years)
     12. Mary Esther Neibaur,   b. 4 Dec 1852, Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Dec 1852, Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    +13. Matilda Isabell Neibaur,   b. 30 Jan 1854, Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Dec 1911, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years)
    +14. Nathan Alexander "Nate" Neibaur,   b. 14 Sep 1855, Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jul 1942, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)
    Last Modified 30 Jan 2008 
    Family ID F279  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth Hiley,   b. 29 Sep 1824, Walmley Ash, Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire Co, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Feb 1896, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Married 1 Sep 1871  Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 20 Oct 2007 
    Family ID F312  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Old Cock Yard [circa 1958]
    Old Cock Yard [circa 1958]
    Photo of Old Cock Yard at Preston, Lancashire, circa 1958. The Alexander Neibaur & Ellen BREAKELL Neibaur family resided here before their emigration to the United States in 1841. Photo courtesy of Lancashire County Council. Research by Chad G. Nichols
    Old Cock Yard [21 Oct 2006]
    Old Cock Yard [21 Oct 2006]
    Photo of Old Cock Yard at Preston, Lancashire, taken 21 Oct 2006 by Johnny English. The Alexander Neibaur & Ellen BREAKELL Neibaur family resided here before their emigration to the United States in 1841
    St. Laurence's Church [1850]
    St. Laurence's Church [1850]
    1850 Sketch of St. Laurence Church at Chorley [SD5917], Alexander Neibaur & Ellen BREAKELL were married in this church in 1834. England. Photo courtesy of the St. Laurence Parish Church (http://stlaurencechorley.googlepages.com).
    St. Laurence's Church
    St. Laurence's Church
    Photo of St. Laurence Church at Chorley, England. Alexander Neibaur & Ellen BREAKELL were married in this church in 1834. Photo courtesy of the St. Laurence Parish Church (http://stlaurencechorley.googlepages.com).
    Nauvoo Property [19 Feb 2000]
    Nauvoo Property [19 Feb 2000]
    Photo of Alexander Neibaur's property in Nauvoo, Illinois, taken 19 Feb 2000 by Chad G. Nichols
    Family Portrait
    Family Portrait
    Family portrait of Neibaur father and sons; pictured are Alexander Neibaur (seated, left) and sons (L to R): Joseph William Neibaur, Hyrum Smith Neibaur, Isaac Neibaur (also seated), Nathan Alexander Neibaur
    Photo
    Photo
    Photo of Alexander Neibaur and Ellen BREAKELL Neibaur. It is unknown who has the original photo. Scanned by Virginia Fife from the book "Writing Between the Lines: A Selection of Poetry Inspired by Notations in Alexander Neibaur's Journal from 1841 until 1862" by Theda Lucille Bassett
    Illustration
    Illustration
    Illustration of Alexander Neibaur by Reed McGregor as published in Theda Barrett's books
    Portrait
    Portrait
    Photo of Alexander Neibaur. It is unknown who has the original photo. Scan by Virginia Fife from The Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, April 1914. Virginia Fife has this edition in her possession. Included in the magazine is a history of Alexander Neibaur written by Susa Young Gates, but she was not credited as the author.
    Photo
    Photo
    Photo of Alexander Neibaur. Scan provided by Lois W. McMahon. It is unknown who has the original photo
    Photo [Jul 1942]
    Photo [Jul 1942]
    Photo of Barbara Ann JERMAN, age 10, in July 1942 at the Salt Lake City Cemetery standing between the original headstones of Alexander Neibaur & Ellen BREAKELL Neibaur. Photo scanned by Lauri Wall

    Documents
    Advertisement [16 Aug 1841]
    Advertisement [16 Aug 1841]
    Alexander Neibaur advertisement printed in the Times and Seasons 16 Aug 1841, Vol 2 No 20, p 518
    1850 U.S. Census
    1850 U.S. Census
    1850 U.S. Census - Alexander Neibaur Household at Great Salt Lake, Utah Territory
    1860 U.S. Census [5 Jun 1860]
    1860 U.S. Census [5 Jun 1860]
    1860 U.S. Census - Alexander Neibaur Household at Great Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory
    1880 U.S. Census [1 Jun 1880]
    1880 U.S. Census [1 Jun 1880]
    1880 U.S. Census - 13th Ward, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co, Utah: Alexander Neiber, Matilda Lorden, & Isick Neiber households
    1880 U.S. Census [8 Jun 1880]
    1880 U.S. Census [8 Jun 1880]
    1880 U.S. Census - Logan, Cache Co, Utah: Charles W Nibley Household
    Neibaur Family Bible
    Neibaur Family Bible
    Scans of the Neibaur Family Bible. Scans are of photocopies in the possession of Virginia Fife. It is unknown who has possession of the bible today. Compiled in Acrobat Reader by Chad G. Nichols
    The Jews, Part I [1 Jun 1843]
    The Jews, Part I [1 Jun 1843]
    "The Jews," part 1 of an article by Alexander Neibaur, published in the Times and Seasons 15 Jun 1843, vol iv, num 15, pp 233-4. Scanned by Brigham Young University. Research by Chad G. Nichols (WARNING: This is a large file)
    The Jews, Part II [15 Jun 1843]
    The Jews, Part II [15 Jun 1843]
    "The Jews," part 2 of an article by Alexander Neibaur, published in the Times and Seasons 1 Jun 1843, vol iv, num 14, pp 220-3. Scanned by Brigham Young University. Research by Chad G. Nichols (WARNING: This is a large file)

    Headstones
    Headstone [15 Oct 2007]
    Headstone [15 Oct 2007]
    Headstone of Alexander Neibaur at Salt Lake City Cemetery. Photo by Chad G. nichols
    Neibaur Family Plot [15 Oct 2007]
    Neibaur Family Plot [15 Oct 2007]
    Neibaur Family Plot at Salt Lake City Cemetery. Illustration and Photo by Chad G. Nichols

    Histories
    Brief History of Alexander Neibaur
    Brief History of Alexander Neibaur
    Brief history of Alexander Neibaur as printed in Treasures of Pioneer History by Kate B. Carter, vol 4, pp 76-8. The history was written by Mrs. Mazie Bohi. Transcription by Chad G. Nichols
    Alexander Neibaur, Early Preston Saint
    Alexander Neibaur, Early Preston Saint
    History of the Church in the British Isles: Part 6: Alexander Neibaur, Early Preston Saint. The history was originally posted online at www.ldsworld.com/gems/wws and was written by Peter Fagg
    Biography
    Biography
    Biography of Alexander Neibaur as printed in the Utah Genealogical and Historical, April 1914. The document was edited and published online by Deseret Book
    Magazine Article: Alexander Neibaur [1922]
    Magazine Article: Alexander Neibaur [1922]
    Article from Relief Society Magazine in 1922, entitled "Alexander Neibaur," a biography by Susa Young Bates, pp 132-141. Original and scans by Kelvin Wursten (WARNING: This is a large file, 22MB!!)

  • Notes 
    • BIRTH: Although birthplace is listed as 'Ehrenbrietstein, Hesse-Nassau, Preussen,' the province of Hesse-Nassau was not created until later, nor was the province part of Prussia at the time of Alexander's birth. It was officially known as the Confederation of the Rhine, États confédérés du Rhin (French), or Rheinbund (German), created by Napoleon after he defeated Habsburg's Francis II and Russia's Alexander I in the Battle of Austerlitz. The Confederation collapsed 19 Oct 1813 (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederation_of_the_Rhine).

      MARRIAGE: Ancestral File lists spouse Ann Welton (AFN BJNX-7K), but additional research is needed to verify whether in fact she was his wife

      OCCUPATION: As noted at the State of Utah official website, Alexander is known as "Utah's first dentist"

  • Sources 
    1. [S756] Nichols Online Library, Digital Documents Researched and Scanned by Chad Nichols & Relatives, Nichols, Chad G., (Catalogue of over 40,000 relatives with more than 5,000 of them having documentation to support their place in the family tree. Some recent generation surnames include Anderson, Broman, Campbell, Cloward, Conder, Dutson, Ericksen, Farmer, Holyoak, Kump, Kylen, Mendenhall, Nichols, Nielson, O'Donnell, Richardson, Roberts, Shelley, Stone, and Walker. Most ancestors are from England, Denmark, Sweden, and Germany. [online] www.nicholslibrary.org 7783 S 4950 W West Jordan, UT 84081 USA) (Reliability: 3).
      Photo - 004251
      Old Cock Yard Photos - 003670, 003671
      Nauvoo Property Photos - 000657, 001959, 003619, 003752, 003855
      Brigham Young Discourse - 002315
      Nauvoo Biography - 002316
      Magazine Biography - 003750
      Neibaur Family Bible - 003608
      Histories - 003609, 003663, 003960
      The Jews, an Article - 004043, 004044
      St. Laurence's Church - 004657, 004658
      1850 U.S. Census - 003638
      1860 U.S. Census - 003639
      1880 U.S. Censuses - 003610, 003611
      Journal Transcriptions - 003963, 003964
      Photo of Barbara Jerman at Alexander Neibaur/Ellen BREAKELL Grave - 004707
      Grave Marker - 004339
      Family Plot - 004351

    2. [S822] Nauvoo Temple Endowment Name Index, Marquardt, H. Michael, ([online] www.xmission.com/~research/family/familypage.htm) (Reliability: 3).
      Alexander Neibaur, b. 8 Jan 1808, end. 5 Jan 1846
      [Research by Chad G. Nichols]

    3. [S283] Mormon Immigration Index ©, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department., (Salt Lake City : Genealogical Society of Utah, 2000 [CD-ROM]) (Reliability: 3).
      4th Company, Elder Hiram Clark, Captain Porter, on the 'Sheffield'
      Departed Liverpool 7 Feb 1841
      Arrived New Orleans 30 Mar 1841
      Departed New Orleans by steamer
      Arrived St. Louis
      Departed St. Louis on the 'Goddess of Liberty'
      Arrived Nauvoo 18 Apr 1841
      Family passengers: Alexander, age 30; Ellen, age 30; Joseph William, age 6; Margaret Jane, age 5; Isaac, infant
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)

    4. [S420] 1850 United States Federal Census, United States. Bureau of the Census. 7th Census, 1850, (Washington [District of Columbia] : National Archives and Records Administration Microfilm of original records in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.) (Reliability: 3).
      Great Salt Lake, Utah Territory - Alexander Neibaur Household:
      --Alexander Neibaur, 43, Dentist, 200, France
      --Ellen, 40, England
      --Joseph, 16, Laborer, England
      --Margaret, 15, England
      --Isaac, 12, England
      --Alice B, 10, Illinois
      --Bertha, 8, Illinois
      --Hyrum S, 6, Illinois
      --Leah, 4, Illinois
      --Sarah, 2, Deseret
      --Rebecca, 1 mo, Deseret
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)

    5. [S408] 1860 United States Federal Census, United States. Census Office. 8th Census, 1860, (Washington [District of Columbia] : The National Archives, [19--] Microfilm of original records in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.) (Reliability: 3).
      Ward 13, Great Salt Lake City, Great Salt Lake Co, Utah Territory - Alexander Neibaur & Joseph W Neibaur Hosueholds:
      --Alexander Neibaur, 52, Dentist, 1400, 700, Prusia
      --Ellen, 49, Eng
      --Isaac, 21, Eng
      --Bertha, 17, Ill, attended school within the yr
      --Hiram, 15, Ill, attended school within the yr
      --Leah, 13, Ill, attended school within the yr
      --Sarah, 11, Utah, attended school within the yr
      --Rebecca, 9, Utah, attended school within the yr
      --Matilda, 6, Utah, attended school within the yr
      --Nathan, 4, Utah, attended school within the yr
      --Joseph W Neibaur, 25, Farmer, 500, 200, Eng
      --Elizabeth, 23, Eng
      --Joseph A, 3, Utah
      --Elizabeth, 2, Utah
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)

    6. [S117] 1880 United States Federal Census, United States. Bureau of the Census. 10th Census, 1880, (Washington [District of Columbia] : The National Archives, [19--] Microfilm of original records in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.) (Reliability: 3).
      1880 U.S. Census - Alexander Neiber, Matilda Lorden, & Isick Neiber Households:
      --Alexander Neiber, 72, Husband, Dentist, German, German, German
      --Elizabeth, 55, Wife, Keeping house, Birmingham, England, England
      --Matilda Lorden, 26, Wife, Widow, None, Utah, England, England
      --Catherine, 7, Daughter, Utah, England, England
      --Margrita E, 5, Daughter, Utah, England, England
      --Gertrude, 3, Daughter, Utah, England, England
      --Wilhelmine, 1, Son, Utah, England, England
      --Isick Neiber, 41, Husband, Miner, England, England, England
      --Emily, 33, Wife, Keeping house, England, England, England
      --Isick A, 14 Son, Works in Bowling Alley, attended school, Utah, England, England
      --Ellin, 12, Daughter, at school, attended school, Utah, England, England
      --Annie, 6, Daughter, Utah, England, England
      --Leah, 1, Son, Utah, England, England
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)

    7. [S117] 1880 United States Federal Census, United States. Bureau of the Census. 10th Census, 1880, (Washington [District of Columbia] : The National Archives, [19--] Microfilm of original records in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.) (Reliability: 3).
      Logan, Cache Co, Utah: Charles W Nibley Household
      --Charles W Nibley, 31, Assesor, birthplace Scotland, parentage Scotland
      --Rebecca A, 29, Wife, Keeping House, birthplace Utah, father's birthplace Germany, mother's birthplace England
      --Charles W, 8 Son, at school, birthplace Utah
      --Alexander, 4, Son, birthplace Utah
      --Joseph F, age 3 mos, birthplace Utah
      --Fannie Woods, 17, Servant, birthplace England, parentage England
      --Alexander Neibaur, 72, Father in Law, Dentist, birthplace Germany, parentage Germany
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)

    8. [S224] Treasures of Pioneer History, Vols 1-6, Carter, Kate B., (Salt Lake City, Utah : Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, c1952-1957) (Reliability: 3).
      By Mrs. Mazie Bohi (vol 4, pp 76-78):

      Pioneer Dentists and Druggists
      Alexander Neibaur

      [p 76] Alexander Neibaur, the first dentist in Utah, was born January 8, 1808, in Germany, the son of a Hebrew physician and surgeon. Alexander was to have entered the Jewish ministry, but instead studied dentistry in the University of Berlin, beginning practice in Preston, England. While there he married Ellen Breakel. He was the first Jew to be converted to the Mormon faith and was baptized April 9, 1838.

      [p 77] Young Dr. Neibaur emigrated to Nauvoo, Illinois in 1841 where he became an active member of the Church, and prominent in Free-masonry, while setting himself up in the practice of dentistry. He advertised as follows in the (Mormon) Times and Seasons.

      "Nauvoo, August 2, 1841: ALEXANDER NEIBAUR-SURGEON DENTIST, from Berlin, in Prussia, late of Liverpool and Preston, England. Most respectfully announces to the ladies and gentlemen and the citizens of Nauvoo, as also of Hancock county, in general, that he has permanently established himself in the city of Nauvoo, as a dentist, where he may be consulted daily, in all branches connected with his profession. Teeth cleaned, plugged, filled and scurva
      effectually cured, children's teeth regulated, natural or artifical teeth from a single tooth to a whole set inserted on the most approved principles.

      Mr. Neibaur having an extensive practice both on the continent of Europe, as also in England, for the last 15 years, he hopes to give general satisfaction to all those who honor him with their patronage.

      "Mr. B. Young having known Mr. N. (in England) has kindly consented to offer me his house to meet those ladies and gentlemen who wish to consult me. Hours of attendance from 10 o'clock in the morning to 6 at evening.

      "My residence is opposite Mr. Tidwell, the cooper, near the water. Ladies and gentlemen attended at their own residence if requested. Charges strictly moderate."

      Alexander Neibaur spoke and wrote fluently in Hebrew, French, and German languages, read Latin and Greek, and spoke some Spanish. He came to Utah September 20, 1848 and erected his own house on which he hung his professional shingle as Utah's First Dentist.

      The first number of the Deseret News, published in Salt Lake City, June 16, 1850 carried the following: "A. Neibaur, Surgeon Dentist, 3rd street east, 2nd south of the Council House, will attend to all branches of his profession. The scurvy effectually cured."

      Alexander Neibaur's daughter, Mrs. Sarah Ellen Neibaur O'Driscoll, 93, Kamas, Utah, recently said: "In addition to countless extractions my father had about one hundred and fifty patients in Utah, including Brigham Young and family and the families of other Church leaders; he also filled the teeth of Elisa, daughter of Bishop Hunter, and those of the daughter of Governor Frank Fuller.

      [p 78] "He usually used a dental turnkey, an implement with a hinged claw on a gimlet-shaped handle, for extracting teeth by twisting; but he later obtained forceps. These instruments were subsequently turned over to Dr. Washington F. Anderson. Cavities in decaying teeth were cleaned with a suitable pick and filled with alum and borax and then sealed with beeswax; the only anesthetic was laudanum. He was seldom paid in money; but accepted beet molasses, corn meal and pigweed greens. Much of his work was donated to widows and to others who could not pay."

      Dr. Alexander Neibaur passed away December 15, 1883 after a long and distinguished career.

    9. [S361] Nauvoo Land & Records Office, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The, (Nauvoo, Illinois) (Reliability: 3).
      Alexander Neibaur owned property at Nauvoo: Block 159, Lot 1, 2 S/2 and apparently this was his homesite
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)

    10. [S418] Personal Research & Library, Lois W. McMahan, McMahan, Lois W., ([email] lmcmahan9896 # msn.com, Lois inherited the database and records of H. Marian Haskett) (Reliability: 3).
      --b & d tombstone in Pioneer Cem Salt Lake City, UT
      --Crossed plains 1848 in Brigham Young Co.
      --Early Nauvoo Rec.
      --"Pioneers & Prominent Men of Utah", p 1065
      --Nauvoo Temple Rec #617 Bk B-52
      --"The Utah Gen & Hist Mag" Apr 1914
      --13th Ward, SLC rec
      --"Dau of Utah Pioneers" Apr 1952
      --Rec of Alexander Neibaur
      --SS 22 Jan 1846 Nauvoo, a/c Roy Miller & Institute of Fam Research, SLC

    11. [S269] Writing Between the Lines: Selection of Poetry Inspired by Notations in Alexander Neibaur's Journal from 1841 until 1862, Bassett, Theda Lucille, (Salt Lake City, Utah : Publishers Press, 1997 (94p.)).

    12. [S501] Journal of Thomas Bullock, 1843-1849, Bullock, Thomas, (Salt Lake City, Utah : The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) (Reliability: 3).
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)
      T[homas].B[ullock]. very busy filling up the papers of the Captains of Twelve Companies and kept W. Majors, S.H. Goddard, and A. Neibaur busy in copying same—

      Wednesday 7 Cloudy morning— dry, turn out teams at 4 AM to graze teams gathered up about 7— when the slow teams start off— followed by the rest of the camp who when they overtook them crowded past A. Neibaur in crowding & jamming along came very near killing Peart's Heifer & Bullock's Cow— was very pationate— we arrived in camp before the Bridge was repaired— a heavy thunder shower falling at the time— halted about 12— staid about an hour— the rain continuing the Pres. gave orders to form the caral this <(the East)> side the bridge— Cattle herded till near Sun down. Salted ours— then took them to Water & again tied them up— [blank space] An antelope killed this evening—

      Monday 12 In the night the camp was sadly annoyed by W.W. Major's dog and A. Neibaur's dog, barking & howling for more than 2 hours. Jacob Peart's dog shot by some one, its entrails out— & left to linger a long time— it was then put out of its misery by young Morley—

      Wednesday 14 Cattle turned out at 3— gathered about 7— started in same disorder this morning— on descending the Steep Bluffs— one of the brethren jeed against brother Neibaur's cattle. & being so sudden caused his team to break the Tongue Bolt— made a wooden one & then continued his journey— took the Upland bench, good road except five gullies in it which are rather troublesome— saw an Antelope the first on this journey— Came in sight of the three Camps on the South side of the Ford, several Wagons being on this side & not yet crossed over— formed our Caral on the North Bank— watered the Cattle and turned them out to graze— Strong wind from the South West all day. prevented fires being made round Caral until near night when wind ceased a little— after Cattle were tied up— Meeting at Isaac Morley's Wagon of our ten— sung & prayed. & received an exhortation from the Patriarch. Pres. Young had his Sheep sheared, on account of the barbed grass that has got into them— which is a great annoyance to them. about 3 P.M. bro Wells & Wood were sent by Pres. Young with a letter to H.C. Kimball they arrived in safety at Cedar Creek about Sundown & met the Camp.

      Monday 19 Turned out cattle at 3 a.m. fine morning[.] strong dew— in about ½ an hour my spotted ox & my Bald ox were picked up, straggling— by bro Thomas, & brought to Wagons by him— so much for boys herding— Major instead of going himself sending his boy, & Neibaur sending his least boy. I had to lay aside my writing in order to herd two oxen— Grass very wet with heavy dew. I got wet feet.

      Friday 30 Cattle unloosed at 3 A.M. poor feed— Cloudy morn. cool. Camp starts at 7¾ for the Bluffs— heavy dragging— Had to stop for Pulziphers Camp who had killed a Buffalo last night— after they started, we followed over the hill which was hard work on the Cattle— at 9¼ we got over— took a Bee line for Timber— on arriving at it took a turn to the right— up by the banks of Skunk Creek— at 12¼ halted to water & graze our teams— staid 1½ hour— then followed up its banks— when near the foot of the bluffs— went along to the West— crossed Skunk Creek— A. Neibaurs Wagon stuck in the mud— afterwards passed three small lakes on the South— going over a sandy road in many places— saw three Buffalo in a ravine— continued our journey until we arrived at a "Good Spring of Cold Water"— passed Pulzipher's Camp and formed our Caral under a high bluff— near a Spring of Splendid water that rises out at one hole which makes a stream about three feet wide, one foot deep with a very rapid current.

      Tuesday 4 T.B sick all night of a fever— Cattle unloosed at 3 A.M. Blue Sky. Pleasant morning. Camp started at 8 A.M. going along the banks of the Platte until we arrived at the North Bluff Fork— several of the teams stopped to water teams & stuck in the Quicksand— I sent my yoke of Cattle back to assist Neibaur out— we then continued up the bottom following close on the heels of Pulzipher's Camp, some heavy dragging before we got over the ridge— when we had descended into the vale, came in sight of a band of about 200 Buffalo— they stood still until many of the men, women & children ran too near them, when they started off on a gallop, taking the side hill in the same direction as we were driving— we had a pretty view of a well contes[t]ed race for about two miles. we then descended to the bottom & turned our Cattle out at 1 P.M. no water, poor grass. staid an hour, then hitched up, passed Pulzipher's Camp, went thro' a new road going thro' Willow patch— a strait line then to the River passing by all the Camps that ought to be ahead of us. on arriving at the River, watered the teams, turned out the Cattle into good grass— after waiting about one hour. & seeing but a poor prospect of getting over the Sand hill to our intended Camping place— it was thought best to Caral on the River bank. Plenty of grass, water, wool, & some wood. Pleasant day.

      Tuesday 11 Cattle unloosed at 3½ A.M. very dark morning
      Camp starts at 7½ A.M. over a pretty good road. Wm. W. Major's horse got loose from the Wagon & started on full gallop, scaring the teams in 5 or 6 Waggons, which broke away in a furious gallop, but we have occasion to praise the Lord that no lives were lost, no Waggon upset & then in a short time all were safely gathered into line again— on returning with the old horse, Major's dog started Goddard's team on a gallop for the second time. directly afterwards Major's other Waggon met with an accident— the tongue bolt came out, cattle were unloosed, Peart's two & Neibaur's two Waggons shot round us— altogether this morning may be put down as "the first day of the Races"— without any serious accident— coming to good feed at 11 A.M. came to a halt to feed & water the teams, staid an hour & half, & again resumed our journey, went to the low Sandy Bluffs where we enter into the barren sage Country— then pull over some heavy sand, cross a dry river 30 feet wide, when a black squall was in the West sweeping a heavy cloud of dust in our faces that made it difficult seeing & Camp at 5 P.M. in pretty good grass — heavy thick cloudy night. Three Indians cross the River from the South, & came to Pres. Young's Carriage, about a mile before Carraling for the night. Isaac Morley kills a 7 rattled snake— after carraling, the wind died away.

      Tuesday 1 Dull heavy morning— slight sprinkling of rain about 8 A.M. When the Cattle were driven up— all were ready to start except brother Neibaur who had a cow which strayed out of the herd; the slow teams started about 11 A.M. leaving the balance to stop & hunt here passed over the ridge— seeing another Company descending into the Valley in our rear[.] we passed by "the Sugar loaf Peak" over hills & dales until we came to the bed of a Creek, having three pool's of Water in it where we water our teams— again ascend another hill, on getting behind them went alongside about a ¼ mile to the North of them— over a hard level road; a Buffalo came from the hills, & stopt in the road about 60 yards in front of Gad Yale's team. it staid some time to look at him— when Yale drove a little nigher & it went away— we crossed two gulleys & then descended into the bed of a creek, with beautiful cold water running down it— Eight magpies on the trees on our right. then ascended another hill, over a level, and descended to A La Prele where we encamped at dusk. turned the Cattle up stream— there was very poor feed— after supper prayer meeting as usual— New Moon.

      Sunday 6 A delightful morning[.] a few of the brethren wanting to go on their journey & it appearing to be a good fording place; the Cattle were gathered up— and we crossed the River about 11 A.M. Jacob Peart had a yoke of oxen strayed away which delayed us some time, when all had got safely over, we saw two horsemen coming towards us— when it proved to be Porter Rockwell & Horace S. Eldridge. they advised us to recross the River & go up the South side, as there is four miles of very heavy sand on the North side & would be killing Cattle— we accordingly recrossed the River to our old Camp ground. Capt. Goddard broke an ox yoke— Jacob Peart broke a wagon bow, & lost his tar bucket— at 3 P.M. we again made a start— took to the road, thro, heavy sage. & very dusty. crossed muddy creek, which was dry— passed a ridge of curious rocks representing grotesque figures dancing an Opera reel— descended a very ugly ravine bro Neibaur Broke a log chain— & bro Peart a drag rope— came to a Buffalo which had been killed by Hiram Gates— while we were dressing it, cut Jacob Peart's finger with a butcher knife— & while carrying the last of the meat to put into my big Wagon— brother Major's child fell out of the Wagon— the fore wheel ran over its fore leg, but praise the Lord, its leg was not broken— we continued our journey in a cloud of dust— came to Cahoon's Camp but very poor feed— passed on about two miles, the Sun having set. went down a couple of ravines & camped in the Timber, close by James Bullock's Camp— drove the Cattle across the Creek by moonlight.

      Friday 18— Up by break of day. & started by the River Road to the place where I left "Bill" last night, & found him within two yards where I had left him, worried by the Wolves, he had laid down near some bushes before I reached the top of the hill— & altho' Job had been within a few yards of him, was the reason he did not see him— alas poor little Bill— I brought him safe about 6[00] or 700 miles further than many persons anticipated when I was at the Horn—
      Camp starts about 8— goes to the Ford of the Sweetwater, cross it, & ascend the high hill to the Ice Spring— which we pass on account of the Alkali Dust— then over a heavy sand road, turned off the road (Bullock, Peart's & Neibaur's teams— the rest gone a head) to rest our Cattle & give them time to chew their cud— Lorenzo Snow's Camp passed us— after staying about ¾ of an hour, we continued our journey, ascending a very very long hill & then over a level plain, which was an uncommon wearisome journey to us— the Cattle were very tired, & hungry— we were almost worn out, having to walk nearly the whole distance— the Sun set when we had about two miles further to travel & another hill to ascend— Lucy, and Mary walked ahead to Camp to let them know we were doing our best to follow— met Capn. Goddard on the hill, when he turned round & piloted us along the road to the place where they were camped— crossed the Sweetwater again, & were glad to halt in the night in a place of safety— after the most tiresome journey, & the most fatigued on the entire route-

    13. [S502] Journal of Alexander Neibaur, Feb 1841 - Apr 1862, Neibaur, Alexander, (Salt Lake City, Utah : The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Archives).

    14. [S621] Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, The (Reliability: 3).
      [Apr 1914]
      ==Excerpts by Susan Young Gates, transcribed by Virginia Fife==

      "With the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum Smith, he was as deeply bereft as any man who suffered that matchless blow. His children still tell the tale of that dreadful morning when they heard the messengers ride through the streets of Nauvoo crying out their loss to the stricken inhabitants of Zion. Bowed to the earth. the family of Elder Neibaur had unusual occasion to fear the clouds of persecution which gathered so swiftly over the fair city of Nauvoo; for the mother was about to bring another soul into the world, and they were troubled. The atmosphere that brooded over the stricken city of Nauvoo was intensely gloomy and all the people were filled with apprehension. It was a time to try men's souls. Many of the leading elders were drawing off, and the spirit of apostasy and rancor filled the air. Alexander Neibaur hated a traitor. He was not a large man, but he was fearless and outspoken in his character. He had sound convictions and the spirit of discernment; so that he knew the wolfish eyes even when the skin of the sheep hung down over the ears of the traitor.
      One day William Law met him in the streets of Nauvoo shortly after the martyrdom. Law was vicious in his attacks upon those who criticized his own actions, and when he held out his hand to shake hands with Elder Neibaur, it was a brave thing for the Hebrew elder to withhold his hand and say firmly,
      "William Law, I never give my hand to a traitor."
      On another occasion he went into the store to buy some vinegar; he had his little stone jug with him. Within he found a man cursing and blaspheming the name of the Prophet Joseph Smith. Instantly the stone jug was slung into the face of the blasphemer by the swift hand of the Hebrew, and as it crashed and broke on his skull, the fiery young Jew demanded,
      "What do you know about the Prophet Joseph Smith ?"
      On still another occasion Elder Neibaur was working at his profession of dentistry at a small town called Farmington, Iowa, securing means to carry his family out into the wilderness and away from the murderous mobs in Missouri and Illinois. On the table of the room where he was at work, his client had deposited his pistol As Elder Neibaur rested for a moment from his work, the man in the chair began to blaspheme in the most awful and bloodcurdling manner the name and memory of the Prophet Joseph Smith- Elder Neibaur rebuked him sternly and rigorously defended the character of the Prophet. The blackguard jerked up his pistol and threatened to shoot Elder Neibaur if he did not hold his peace. Suiting the action to the word he raised the pistol and snapped off every barrel in the face of the elder, but for some strange reason, not one took effect. The brother of the blasphemer came in from an adjoining room, and picking up the revolver he emptied each barrel outside the door in the air. He turned to his brother and asked what could have ailed his hand. Brother Neibaur told him that he guessed his guardian angel must have interfered to prevent his own blood from being shed."
      ....
      "Father you have been telling us of your long and hard experience, and we have listened with intense affection and interest. But let me ask you, is it worth it all? Is the Gospel worth all this sacrifice?"
      The glow of testimony and of truth lighted the torches in the dimming eyes of that ancient Hebrew prophet and poet and he lifted his voice in firm and lofty assurance as he said:
      "Yes! Yes! and more! I have seen my Savior. I have seen the prints in his hands! I know that Jesus is the Son of God, and I know that this work is true and that Joseph Smith was a prophet of God. I would suffer it all and more, far more than I have ever suffered for that knowledge even to the laying down of my body on the plains for the wolves to devour."
      Elder Neibaur was paralyzed for three weeks before his death and yet his mind was not dimmed. A short time before the end, his face suddenly lit up and his countenance brightened. He cast his eyes upward as if he could see far into upper distant spaces.
      "What do you see, father?" they asked. The dying man murmured clearly, "Joseph-Hyrum-" then his weary eyes closed forever."

    15. [S415] Ancestral File (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998).

    16. [S153] Utah Cemeteries and Burials Database, Utah Department of Community and Economic Development, (Salt Lake City, UT : [2003--, online] http://history.utah.gov/utah_history_research_center/cemetery_burials/) (Reliability: 3).
      Burial Information: NEIBAUR, ALEXANDER
      Birth: 1/8/1808 Frank on the Rhine, Germany
      Death: 12/15/1883 Salt Lake City, Utah
      Burial: 12/15/1883
      Grave Location: Salt Lake City Cemetery
      Burial Plot: H_5_11_ROD_N
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)

    17. [S292] International Genealogical Index ® - Extracted Church Record, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The, (Salt Lake City, Utah : Copyright © 1980, 2002, 2006 Extracted birth or christening record for the locality listed in the record. The source records are usually arranged chronologically by the birth or christening date.) (Reliability: 3).
      Alexander Neibaur md Ellen Breakell
      16 Sep 1834 St. Laurence Church, Chorley
      [IGI M005701, FHL 93708]
      (Research by Chad G. Nichols)

    18. [S669] Parish Registers, 1653-1947, Church of England. St. Laurence's Church (Chorley, Lancashire), (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1969, 1987 [FHL BRITISH 93703-10 Item1; 1517686 Items 4-18; 1517687 Items 1-7]; Microfilm of original records at the Lancashire Record Office, Preston. Lancashire Record Office no.: PR 2799/1a-15; 3120/1/1-3, 5-7, on 10 microfilm reels ; 35 mm. and 16 mm.) (Reliability: 3).
      Alexander Neibaur & Ellen Breakell md. 16 Sep 1834
      [FHL BRITISH 93708]